Coop Himmelb(l)au-大連國際會議中心 Dalian Int. CC

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編譯/蘇琨峰 圖文/Coop Himmelb(l)au

圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



位於中國遼寧大連市大連港旁,遠看有如一座銀色半透明殼狀外形兼帶有鰓形刻痕的大連國際會議中心(Dalian International Conference Center),在這東北最大、最具開放色彩也最具現代化的港口城市中,成了另一處搶眼的地標。「城市中的小城市」,則是負責設計的奧地利建築事務所藍天組(Coop Himmelb(l)au)給這現代化建築的另一意涵。2013年開幕,包含了會議中心及活動展覽區等等多功能設施的規劃,讓這座總面積達100,000平方公尺並可容納7,000人的會議中心,在兩條城市軸線的交叉處,讓這繁華的港口城市更進一步邁向國際化。

圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



室內最大的會議中心可容納2,500人及一處可容納1,800人的劇院,環繞在建物中心周圍許多的多功能小型會議室像是散落四周的小珍珠一般,而精心規劃的許多小廣場、街道、非正式的會議及休閒空間則提供了民眾閒逛及聊天的場所,正符合了「城市中的小城市」的概念。充足的日光自然照射使得室內不但明亮,更創造出光影變化的效果。正如同設計總監及藍天組負責人Wolf D. Prix所說:「雖然會議中心體積龐大,卻有著如同這城市般活力十足的動感。」

圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



巨大的空間及多功能設施的規劃讓大連國際會議中心成了世界經濟論壇的舉辦場所,會議中心及劇院也隨時可改變做為其他功能使用。大樓獨特的外觀設計讓民眾從外圍便可清楚一覽室內各空間的功能性;而許多像是即將衝出大樓金屬外層的會議室則讓會議中心外表顯得扭曲。孔狀外觀的鋁板不但引進足夠的日光,更適合讓會議中心塑造出如雕刻狀的外型。在某些公共區域更採用開放式的設計讓室內民眾能一覽市區及大連灣的美景。 

圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



Prix將會議中心分成了兩大元素-桌型及屋頂結構。劇院、會議室及出入口分別位於桌型鋼構之上,並由不規則外型的立體屋頂結構所包覆。兩大鋼構結構深度設計在5至8公尺之間,整個架構由14根由鋼筋混凝土組成的主要垂直柱所構成,且事先在中國造船廠內預鑄而成,以確保10公分厚的鋼板能安全並準確的焊接。Prix表示,在藍天組我們把科比意(Le Corbusier)的語言化為實踐,正如他所說過-建築就應如製船的過程一般。而在現在的科技下,在建築結構上已能製造出超過85公尺跨距及超過40公尺懸臂的結構。

圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



節能設計也是大連國際會議中心設計上的重點之一,將港口的海水及強風等天然資源利用在會議中心的大型通風塔以及暖氣與冷卻系統之中;大面積引進陽光的設計也大量減少了日光燈的使用;而符合會議中心外表造型所舖上的太陽能板更是提供了額外的可利用能源。

圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au





延伸閱讀
Coop Himmelb(l)au事務所
http://www.coop-himmelblau.at/

更多建築旅遊資訊,請上【建築行腳】專輯
http://www.xinmedia.com/n/featurestory_list.aspx?collectionid=111

更多國外建築脈動請上【國際脈動】 https://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/news/International

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Profile

蘇琨峰/Andre

一隻喜愛新事物也對舊事物固執的牡羊。台北工專土木工程科、雲林科技大學營建工程結構組畢業,工作後決定離職前往澳洲再度充實自己並一圓留學夢,畢業於墨爾本大學經濟與商業研究所,主修商業與資訊管理。喜歡看建築、旅行探索、研究攝影、愛打網球、沉溺爵士樂當了爵士樂團薩克斯風手。目前為《欣建築/國際脈動》編譯、文字記者、辦理欣建築相關活動及國際領隊。


圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au


With the International Conference Center, the Viennese architectural studio Coop Himmelb(l)au has constructed an unmistakable landmark for the prospering harbor city of Dalian, China. Opened in 2013 and featuring a shell-shaped roof, the center hosts a multifunctional “small city within a city” with conference and event rooms for 7,000 visitors in a total area of 100,000 m².

圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



The two major urban axes converging here give rise to the building’s position and basic shape. The conference hall for 2,500 visitors and opera house with 1,800 seats lie in the center of the building beneath the shell-shaped, partially translucent roof. Small conference rooms with numerous usage options surround this core like pearls, forming an internal urban structure with squares and streets that invite visitors to linger and chat – the informal meeting spaces that are so important for conferences. Chill-out zones and catering stations are also located here. The controlled supply of daylight assists the visitors in their spatial orientation and creates a atmospheric variety on the inside. “Despite its enormous size for 7,000 people, the building is as vibrant as a city,” explains Wolf D. Prix, Design Principal and CEO of Coop Himmelb(l)au. “The entry hall has the size of four football fields and reaches up to 45 meters high. Even with this size, the building is not forbidding but rather clearly arranged and inviting.”

圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



Form and function
It was determined from the outset that the World Economic Forum would be its main user. This Swiss foundation is mainly known for its annual meetings in Davos and annually organizes a “summer Davos” at this new site in China. The requirements for this function determined the spatial concept, the size and number of conference rooms and offices. Since the opera and conference center lie directly behind one another, the main stage can be used for the classic theater auditorium just as well as for the flexible multi-purpose hall. The opera house is based on a multifunctional design and can be used for such events as conferences, music and theater all the way to classic opera with very little effort.
To make the building’s architectural concept and function visible from the outside, the conference halls penetrate the facade. They stand out against the metallic outer skin and deform it. The perforated aluminum slats of the exterior shell provide a sufficient amount of daylight and give the building its striking sculptural shape. The slats are opened in some of the public areas, offering selective views of the city and the bay of Dalian.

圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au



圖片說明:圖片提供:Coop Himmelb(l)au




 
More Information
Sturgess Architecture
www.sturgessarchitecture.com

More architecture tour information, here you go【Architecture Footprint
http://www.xinmedia.com/n/featurestory_list.aspx?collectionid=111


More architecture works abroad, here you go 【International】 https://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/news/International


====================
Profile
Andre

A male Aries, loves learning new things and being nostalgic to old things. Academic background: Bachelor of Construction Engineering Department at National YunTech University, Taiwan and Diploma of Graduate School of Business and Economics at University of Melbourne. With character of a little introvert, addicting to architecture, photography, tennis, Jazz music and saxophone and being the translator of Xin Architecture/ International, reporter, holder of activities and international tour leader.


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