研學 | 馬鞍山:探尋山水之趣 盡覽詩城人文

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馬鞍山市山水秀美,歷史文化燦爛,謝朓、李白、劉禹錫、蘇軾、王安石、李之儀等歷代名家留下了大量的美文詩篇,素有“一半山水,一半詩歌”的美譽,被稱為山水詩都。研學馬鞍山,觸摸歷史脈搏 , 收穫文化體驗 , 享受文明成果 , 感悟歲月積澱。

大青山李白文化旅遊區
Libai Culture Tourism Area in Daqing Mountain

   Ma’anshan city is known for not only its beautiful natural scenery but also its splendid culture. Since many famous Chinese litterateurs such as Xie Tiao, Li Bai, Liu Yuxi, Su Shi, Wang Anshi, and Li Zhiyi had eulogized the city in their works, it is reputed as the City of Mountains, Rivers, and Poems. In textbooks are collected a number of these works, including Thousand Character Classic by Zhou Xingsi, The Sight of Tianmen Mountain by Li Bai, An Eulogium on a Humble Cell by Liu Yuxi, and A Trip to Baochan Mountain by Wang Anshi. It is an ideal place for study trips, because here you can gain deep insight into the poems while enjoying the beauty of nature.

採石磯翠螺山 
Cuiluo Mountain in Caishi Scenic Area

“晚登高樓望,木落雙江清。”詩仙李白為當塗這方山水留下了許多詩文,勾畫出馬鞍山這座“詩城”身後的文化底蘊和詩情畫意。

“久臥青山雲,遂為青山客。山深雲更好,賞弄終日夕。”李白鍾情大青山。大青山成了李白的“詩和遠方”。大青山古跡豐富,六朝墓群、琉璃瓦窯址等顯得厚重,李白墓更是增添了它的詩意情懷。

往前溯,南北朝時期,當塗人周興嗣,編撰的《千字文》是我國文化史上蒙學的經典之作 。今天,當塗縣的詩城人家景區是一個融藝術與詩城文化於一體的園林式景區,盆景、根雕藝術值得品味。還可以去感受王愛玉、張紅燕等當塗民歌傳人的表演,或奔放、或浪漫、或含蓄、或哀歎,充滿濃鬱的地域風情。

滾滾長江邊,採石磯風景秀麗,加上李白的傳說,它顯得神奇。景區以李白為靈魂,以深厚的歷史文化為底蘊,以“大江繞絕壁,草聖伴詩仙”景觀為特色。

在馬鞍山,美文名句被錄入中小學課本的景區不在少數。“山不在高,有仙則名;水不在深,有龍則靈。”劉禹錫生前所居陋室,顯示了他安貧樂道的情懷。如今的陋室公園,依山傍水,風光秀麗,古雅別致。

和縣還有一條鎮淮古街,貫穿著文廟、戟門、鎮淮樓、四牌坊、古井、和閣、文昌塔等,古色古香。此外,西埠鎮的林海生態園,和縣猿人遺址,淩家灘遺址等等,這些融生態觀光、文化體驗、民俗風情、科普教育等多功能於一體的景區,都能在遊玩中獲得知識。

含山縣的褒禪山也是寫入課本的。北宋著名的政治家、文學家王安石,在他前往舒州任職途中,遊歷褒禪,舉火探洞,寫下了流傳千古的名篇《遊褒禪山記》。登褒禪山極目遠眺,四周青峰環繞,山野之趣,探幽之險,登臨之興,懷古思今,令人流連忘返。

“讀萬卷書,行萬裡路”,來馬鞍山,感受的是詩情畫意。

 
太白樓 Taibai Tower

Li Bai, one of the greatest Chinese poets in the Tang dynasty, was attached to Daqing Mountain in Dangtu county, Ma’anshan city. It was the destination of his trips as well as the subject of his poems, for which he had created 53 works, including the famous The Sight of Tianmen Mountain. Daqing Mountain is rich in historical sites, such as Li Bai Tomb, Qingshan Tombs of the Six Dynasties Period, Kiln Site of Glazed Tiles, Tombs Garden of the Jin Dynasty, and other sites of ancient humans’ group life.

Another celebrity related to Dangtu worth mentioning is Zhou Xingsi, the author of Thousand Character Classic, a significant primer for early childhood literacy training in ancient China.

Complemented by Dangtu’s history and culture, attractive scenery is another virtue for Dangtu to recommend itself. Shichengrenjia Scenic Area is such a place where arts and poetic culture are perfectly combined with its landscape. The bonsai works and root carvings there will definitely live up to your expectation.

Caishi Scenic Area is also an attraction not to be missed. It has profound culture with Li Bai as the main character, as well as the spectacle featuring steep cliffs surrounded by a mighty river. In this comprehensive scenic area, cultural experience, sightseeing, and recreation can be achieved at the same time.

Ma’anshan city has many scenic spots that appear in the literature works collected in the textbooks for elementary and middle schools. One of them is the Humble Cell Park in Hexian county, the former residence of Liu Yuxi, also a distinguished poet in the Tang dynasty. The eulogium he wrote in praise of the humble cell remains a popular classic until today.

 

 

和縣陋室內劉禹錫塑像   
Statue of Liu Yuxi in the Humble Cell Park of Hexian county

Departing from Hexian county, the next stop of your study tour should be the Baochan Mountain in Hanshan county. Wang Anshi, a renowned politician and litterateur in the Northern Song period, once passed this mountain on his way to take office in Shuzhou (today’s Qianshan city). He picked his way into the cave by torch light, and wrote A Trip to Baochan Mountain later in memory of this experience. Standing at the mountain top surrounded by green hills, with your heart full of the joy of adventures in this natural wonder, you will spontaneously recall the past and meditate on the present even forgetting to leave.

As the old saying goes, one needs to not only read 10,000 books, but also travel 10,000 miles to know the world around us. So young people, instead of just reading Ma’anshan in your textbooks, why not have a real trip on this old yet vital land?

-------------tips 小貼士-------------

“山水詩都研學遊”之旅,可以在山水間感受李白、劉禹錫、王安石等人的才情與才學,還可以品嘗地方美食:肥腸米線、採石磯茶幹、黃山寺皮蛋、和縣炸牛肉、三口塘老鵝湯、一品玉帶糕、烏江霸王酥等。

以上文章/圖片來源:安徽文旅
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